The sides of a piece of knitting are also known as the selvedges. Special care must be taken while you are working to ensure that these are kept straight

Stocking Stitch Edge

edges 1

This is the most common edge and the first and last stitches must be firmly made. All knit row stitches are knitted and all purl row stitches are purled.

 Open Edge

edges 2

To produce this more decorative edge slip the first and last stitches of every knit row knitwise. Purl all the edge stitches in the purl row.

Slip Stitch Edge

edges 3

This is especially useful as a neat edge on cardigans. "Pips" are formed in a regular sequence which look neat and make row counting easier - each "pip" counts for two rows. Slip the first stitch of each row knitwise then knit the last stitch of each row.